|Prime Minister Narendra Modi (centre) releasing mission document of 'Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana' in New Delhi.|
The expression “100 days” of a government made headlines in India five years ago when the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) led by Congress party was re-elected in May 2009. Almost all ministers announced 100-day targets and subsequently presented report cards. That was the high point of Manmohan Singh led UPA government. It was celebrated as a landmark event. The setting of the short-term (almost one quarter) target and report cards were seen as introduction of business culture in the functioning of the government. However, most of the targets were never realised and such targets became cruel jokes.
Although Prime Minister Narendra Modi-led government has made it clear that it does not believe in such short-term targets, media euphoria is obvious. The expression “100 days” has been making headlines once again. The only difference this time is that there is no targets and report cards expected from ministers.
Planning Commission scrapped. No clarity on new entity
Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana introduced aiming to bring all households under banking net
National Food Grid to connect deficient areas with surplus producing regions to reduce wastage of fruits and vegetables
Raises limit on foreign direct investment in defence sector to 49 per cent from 26 per cent
Labour law reforms
Rail fares hiked by 14.2 per cent. Freight charges increased by 6.5 per cent
Set up Special Investigation Team (SIT) to probe black money
Streamlined decision-making process by scrapped Group of Ministers (GoM) and Empowered Group of Ministers (EGoMs), 62 such panels formed during the UPA government
Kisan Vikas Patra (KVP) re-launched to encourage savings. KVP is a popular instrument among small farmers. Even unbanked people can invest in this instrument.
Expenditure Management Commission constituted to look at expenditure reforms
Housing for all by 2022. Rs.4,000 crore earmarked in the Budget for National Housing Bank with a view to increase the flow of cheaper credit for affordable housing
Incentives for Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs) Infrastructure Investment Trusts.
Ganga Conservation Mission “Namami Gange” for conservation and improvement of river Ganga. Rs 2,037 crore allocated in the Budget.
Rs 7060 crore allocated for developing 100 smart cities
Digital India programme launched to bridge the divide between digital “haves” and “have-nots”. Aimed to ensure Broadband connectivity at village level, improved access to services through IT enabled platforms, greater transparency in Government processes and increased indigenous production of IT hardware and software for exports and improved domestic availability.
Priority for free drug and diagnosis services to achieve the goal of “Health for All”
Swatchh Bharat Abhiyan aiming to cover every household by total sanitation by the year 2019, the 150th year of the Birth Anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.
Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act that seeks to ensure that every child has his or her right (as an entitlement) to get quality elementary education, and that the State with the help of families and communities, fulfills this obligation
Ensures 50 per cent reservation for women in Panchayats
Outlays for rural development almost doubled in 2009-10 budget presented by then finance minister Pranab Mukherjee
Fiscal stimulus to shield the economy from the negative impact of the global economic slowdown
To counter the negative fallout of the global slowdown on the Indian economy, Government responded by providing three focused fiscal stimulus packages in the form of tax relief and increased expenditure on public projects along with RBI taking a number of monetary easing and liquidity enhancing measures.
Promised to improve delivery mechanisms of the government with a view to deepen and broaden the agenda for inclusive development
(Gyanendra Keshri can be reached at email@example.com)
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