Assam Leads Ayushman Bharat Success in Eastern India

Team INCLUSION
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Assam has been very pro-active in implementation of the Ayushman Bharat scheme. The state had already been running a similar health assurance scheme named after the former prime minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee. TEAM INCLUSION analyses the progress made Ayushman Bharat as well as the Atal Amrit Abhiyan, both focused on providing health assurance to poor and deprived section of the society

Assam was the first state in the Eastern India to sign MoU for implementation of Ayushman Bharat scheme. Today, it has emerged as the best performer in the region. In fact, Guwahati Medical College and Hospital (GMCH) has been adjudged the best institution in terms of providing treatment under the Ayushman Bharat scheme.

In order to ensure quality healthcare, the government has been maximising the number of hospitals to come on board. So far 146 private hospitals and 161 government hospitals have been empanelled in Assam to provide services under the Ayushman Bharat scheme

“I would like to congratulate you on being the top healthcare institution in terms of treatments amounting to more than `10 crore with more than 6,000 pre-authorisations,” Chief Executive Officer of National Health Authority and Ayushman Bharat – Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana Indu Bhushan said in a letter addressed to Principal-cum-Chief Superintendent of GMCH.

 

Most of the treatments have been for tertiary care like orthopaedics, neurosurgery, urology and cardiology.

The Ayushman Bharat scheme has two-fold impact. First, the poor and deprived section of the society have got quality treatment without paying even a penny. Second, it has resulted in good revenue for the hospitals. Public hospitals like GMCH had been cash starved. For providing treatments under the Ayushman Bharat scheme public as well as the private hospitals get the same amount. Revenue generated from the treatments provided under the Ayushman Bharat scheme is being used for upgradation of services.

The National Health Authority has been pushing the empanelled hospitals to utilise the funds for capacity building and upgradation of infrastructure. “I hope that funds so generated will be efficiently utilised towards incentivisation of the hospital staff, re-investing into the hospital infrastructure and facilities to enhance the hospital capacities for extending the benefit of health services to patients beyond AB-PMJAY,” Bhushan had remarked in the letter.

Coverage

Nearly 27 lakh households are eligible for the Ayushman Bharat benefits in Assam as per the 2011 Socio-Economic and Caste Census data. The number of individuals covered under the scheme in the state is estimated at 1.35 crore.

In order to ensure quality healthcare, the government has been maximising the number of hospitals to come on board. So far 146 private hospitals and 161 government hospitals have been empanelled in Assam to provide services under the Ayushman Bharat scheme.

 

Atal Amrit Abhiyan

Health assurance scheme is not new to Assam. The state had introduced a scheme named “Atal Amrit Abhiyan” (AAA) nearly two years before the introduction of Ayushman Bharat scheme. Atal Amrit Abhiyan was launched on 25 December 2016 with an objective to provide cashless coverage to eligible citizens of Assam to avail of best in class treatment in 6 critical specialties-Cancer, Heart Disease, Kidney Disease, Neurological Disorder, Neonatal Disease and Burns across 438 procedures (472 packages). Till 13 September 2019, 51,261 beneficiaries had taken treatment under this scheme.

While under the Ayushman Bharat scheme a cashless insurance coverage of Rs 5 lakh per households is provided, under the AAA insurance cover of Rs 2 lakh per individual, per eligible family is provided per year. 

The eligibility criteria for the two scheme is also different. Beneficiaries of Ayushman Bharat scheme has been derived from the 2011 Socio-Economic and Caste Census deprivation criteria. Atal Amrit Abhiyan is meant for poor. Benefits of the scheme is available for the individuals belonging to the BPL families free of cost. Families with annual income of less than Rs 1.2 lakh is covered under this category. 

Individuals belonging to low income households (APL) with annual income between Rs 1.2 lakh and Rs 5 lakh can avail the benefits of the scheme by paying a nominal premium of Rs 100 per year.   
Under AAA, nearly 1.6 crore people have enrolled. Out of this 1.19 crore have been issued cards. 

Beneficiaries can get the treatments under AAA at empanelled hospitals in Assam as well as outside the state. So far, 109 hospitals have been empanelled to provide treatments under the Atal Amrit Abhiyan. Out of these 74 hospitals are in Assam and 35 hospitals are outside the state. Out of the total 51,261 beneficiaries taken treatments under the scheme 1,593 have availed the treatments at hospitals located outside the state. 

Awareness Drive

The government has taken a number of steps to boost awareness about the scheme. Banners and hoardings have been placed at all the empanelled hospitals. Signboards have been erected in the campus of empanelled Government hospitals. Four hoardings in each empanelled District Hospitals and eight in each empanelled Medical Colleges  are being placed. 

Standees are also placed at the empanelled hospitals. Six standees have been put in place at each empanelled District Hospitals and eight in each empanelled Medical Colleges to spread awareness about the Ayushman Bharat – Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana. One Signboard and one standee have been placed at all private hospitals.

Hoardings are displayed at all important National Highways of Assam at every 5 km distance and at entry and exit points of all cities and towns of the state. 

IT Infrastructure

A robust IT infrastructure has been put in place for smooth and effective implementation of the scheme. Software involved in the scheme is completely in-house built. It has been created by ISA and is being updated on day-to-day basis depending on the requirements and guidelines from the State Health Agency. The software has been built upon Iatros Platform, which is web-based end-to-end solution and highly customised to Ayushman Bharat scheme requirements. 

It is completely paperless and technology-based architecture. The software has been tested for robustness, scalability and accuracy in seven states, including Assam. It has been fully operationalised in state. 

The software comprises of the modules like, enrolment, empanelment, pre-authorisation, claims, medical audit, float system or payment system, MIS, grievance and call center, ticketing for issues and CCM.

(Comments are welcome at info@skoch.in)

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