Team INCLUSION, 05 February 2016
Tamil Nadu is the 7th most populous state in India with a population of 72.1 mn (Census 2011), representing 5.96 per cent of India's population. During FY14, the Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) of Tamil Nadu recorded growth (y-o-y) of 7.3 per cent and contributed 8.4 per cent to India's GDP. The state is amongst the most urbanised states in the country, with 48.5 per cent of the population living in urban areas. Tamil Nadu is one of the most industrialised states in India and one of the fastest growing State economies with an average growth rate of 9.75 per cent in the last 9 years. Full Article
It was a prudent move for Prime Minister Narendra Modi to revive the e-governance scheme with renewed vigour. As Gujarat chief minister, he has used IT as a tool to improve governance not just at the top level but also at the grassroots levels. It is the success in Gujarat that emboldened him to implement the e-governance scheme at the national level.
Mainstreaming Organic Farming
Anupam Verma, who works for a multi-national company in Mumbai, was deeply disturbed after reading a report regarding the presence of poisonous chemicals in conventionally grown fruits and vegetables that he and his family used to eat everyday. The report was indeed scary. It said the consumption of these produce might cause life-threatening diseases like cancer, neurological defects, autism and respiratory and reproductive problems. Verma did not want to take a chance and decided to use only 'organic produce', which are presented in the report as a healthy alternative.
Tipping '$20 trillion Economy' Game-plan, with Rational Farm Credit Policies
In 2015-16 Union Budget, the government enhanced credit target for farm sector by Rs 50,000 crore to Rs 8.5 lakh crore. This was in line with a common perception that farm credit translates into the growth of the national economy. Statistically this might be unfounded, however it is undeniable that the farm sector that constitutes the core of the economy needs to be in focus of banks and other financial institutions.
Team INCLUSION, 04 February 2016
Rajasthan is the largest (area-wise) state in India. The gross state domestic product (GSDP) of Rajasthan expanded at a CAGR of 12.83 per cent over 2004-05 to 2014-15. It is divided into 32 districts, out of which, 11 districts covering 61 per cent of total area and 40 per cent of the total population lie in the arid, sparsely populated Thar Desert region. Rajasthan bagged 12 SKOCH Order-of-Merit, out of which, it won two Awards, one each in the Governance and Health category.
Team INCLUSION, 03 February 2016
The State of Odisha is located on the eastern part of our country along the Bay of Bengal. It is bounded by Andhra Pradesh in the South, West Bengal in the North, Jharkhand in the North West and Chhattisgarh on the West. Spread over 1.5 lakh sq km and home to 36 million people, the state is divided into 30 districts for administrative purposes. The state bagged seven SKOCH Order-of-Merit and was bestowed one Award also in the Education & Skill category.
NC Saxena, 02 February 2016
Over the last twenty years Government of India has launched a series of Centrally Sponsored Schemes with a view to promote development, reduce poverty and reach basic services in education and health, etc to the common people. While the individual programmes have been evaluated several times showing that in general these are better implemented in states with stronger political leadership and better capacity for delivery, no comparative study is available to my mind that will explain why in the same state some programmes are more successful than others in achieving their goals, or why some schemes do not work well even in states associated with better governance.
B. Yerram Raju, 02 February 2016
RBI Governor Raghuram Rajan's strategy of widening and deepening the banking system through payment banks, India Post Bank, small finance banks and strengthening the NBFCs through appropriate regulation and facilitation deserves rich commendation for taking inclusive banking closer. But doubts still prevail over the effective reach of inclusive banking going by the laggard performance of the priority sector credit thus far.
Team INCLUSION, 01 February 2016
Karnataka is home to 6.11 crore inhabitants, which accounts for 5.05 per cent of India's population and has 5.83 per cent of India's geographical area. Karnataka's Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) at constant (2004-05) prices is expected to grow at 7.0 per cent and reach Rs 34,4106 crore in 2014-15 from Rs 32,1455 crore in 2013-14. Best known for its software and biotechnology industry, Karnataka has also been one of the leading industrial states in India. The state's capital, Bengaluru (Bangalore), is popularly known as the 'Silicon Valley of India.
Team INCLUSION, 29 January 2016
Jharkhand is located in eastern India and is surrounded by Bihar to the north, Uttar Pradesh and Chhattisgarh to the west, Odisha to the south and West Bengal to the east. It is divided into 5 divisions and 24 districts. The state is known for its rich mineral reserves including coal, iron ore etc. The Gross State Domestic Product of Jharkhand in 2012-13 was Rs 27,030 crore.
Team INCLUSION, 28 January 2016
Himachal Pradesh, the hilly state of Northern India, known for its beauty and tourism, is divided into 12 districts. It has been ranked fourth in the list of the highest per capita incomes of Indian states. The economy of the state is highly dependent on three sources: hydroelectric power, tourism and agriculture. As per the advanced estimates and on the basis of economic conditions up to December 2014, the likely growth rate for 2014-15 will be around 6.5 per cent.
Team INCLUSION, 27 January 2016
Chandigarh is a city and a union territory that serves as the capital of the states of Punjab and Haryana. The city tops the list of Indian States and Union Territories by per capita income. The city was reported to be the cleanest in India in 2010, based on a national government study. Chandigarh won six SKOCH Order-of-Merit-three in Education, two in Municipalities and one in e-Governance.
Team INCLUSION, 25 January 2016
Andhra Pradesh is the 5th most populous state in the country, with a population of 8.46 crore (Census 2011), accounting for 7 per cent of India's population. It consists of 13 districts-the four districts of Rayalaseema and nine of coastal Andhra. The state received six Skoch Order-of-Merit, three in e-Governance and one each in Municipality, Education and Health. The state received its only Award in the Education category.
Team INCLUSION, 22 January 2016
West Bengal with a population of over nine crore and spread over 19 districts is a key state of India and one with the most enriched history and heritage. Small wonder therefore that good governance and its corollary; e-Governance has played a key role in the modernisation and well-being of the state. Traditionally an agrarian economy, West Bengal has more than 70 per cent of its population living in rural areas. However, in recent years, under Mamata Banerjee as Chief Minister, all sectors are growing handsomely and the service sector has started dominating the state GDP, which is currently at around Rs 800,868 crore.
Team INCLUSION, 21 January 2016
Maharashtra is the second largest state in India in terms of population and has geographical area about 3.08 lakh sq km. It has a population of 11.24 crore (Census 2011), which is 9.3 per cent of the total population of India and is highly urbanised with 45.2 per cent people residing in urban areas. Maharashtra won 25 SKOCH Order-of-Merit out of which, it has bagged four Awards. The state has bagged 11 Order-of-Merit for its outstanding work in the Municipalities sector and six merits in e-Governance, three in Governance, four in Education & Skill and one in Finance.
Team INCLUSION, 20 January 2016
The state of Madhya Pradesh (MP), one of the toppers this year in Smart Governance, is a deserving champion. This is more by virtue of it having disproven the naysayers and of having won against all odds. Under the leadership of Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan, the state has emerged as a winner by bagging 11 Awards and 27 SKOCH Order-of-Merit. With a decadal growth rate of more than double digit (2001-2011), the state has shown concerted efforts in working its way out of being one of BIMARU states.
Team INCLUSION, 19 January 2016
Kerala, the Gods Own Country is a relatively smaller state situated in the southern part of India. It has an area of 38,863 sq. km. and a population of 3.33 crore. It is divided into 14 districts and 60 municipalities. Kerala has the second highest tele-density in India, the highest literacy rate, the highest banks density per population and is one of the few States in India with negligible power cuts. The state has recorded a growth rate in the last fiscal, which is above the national average; the second highest among South Indian States.
Team INCLUSION, 18 January 2016
Although Haryana has an area covering just 1.3 per cent of the country, it contributes nearly 3.5 per cent to India's GDP. There are 19 districts in Haryana and it is divided into 90 assembly constituencies depending on the population of the respective areas. It is the third-largest exporter of software and one of the preferred destinations for IT/ITeS facilities. The state is one of India's largest automobile hubs and accounts for two thirds of passenger cars, 50 per cent of tractors and 60 per cent of motorcycles manufactured in the country.
"You have to dream before your dreams can come true." This famous quote of former President APJ Abdul Kalam, who himself turned his dream into a reality as a nuclear scientist and has "ignited" many minds with his ideas, is perhaps the most appropriate theme for present day India aspiring to become an economic and knowledge superpower.It is the culmination of the dreams of 1.2 billion people that has led Prime Minister Narendra Modi to ideate his plan of making the $2 trillion economy a $20 trillion behemoth within the next two decades, eradicating poverty and making India a knowledge society.
When Prime Minister Narendra Modi asked, in January this year, the question, "India is a $2 trillion economy today. Can we not dream of an India with a $20 trillion economy?", he was echoing a powerful, nuanced and intensely compelling set of questions. Some among them-ranging from ease-of-doing business, innovation, digital economy, manufacturing, entrepreneurship to skilled workforce-are all too familiar.
Whereas the number of poor can be fixed simply through a sample survey, identifying them would need visiting each and every household. While Planning Commission was the official agency to estimate the percentage of population below poverty line (BPL) once in five years based on the National Sample Survey on Consumption Expenditure, a Census to identify the BPL households has been conducted by the states through the Ministry of Rural Development of the Central Government three times (1992, 1997 and 2002) in the last 25 years.
The socio-economic development in India has been severely hampered because of the significant divide between the urban and the rural economy and a wide gap between the rich and the poor. While 30 per cent of the urban population has a wide range of remunerative employment opportunities, over 80 per cent of the rural population have to be dependent on a highly uncertain agricultural sector.
The British colonial administration brought in progressive developmental forces by bringing in education (Kindergarten to University) and railway networks for commercial exploitation of agricultural, forest and mineral resources and various social activists rose to the occasion with giants such as Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Ranade, Gokhale, Phule, Dadabhai Naoroji, Pantulu, Sayyad Ahmed, Narayana Guru, Sane Guruji, Vidyasagar, Swami Vivekananda, etc.
Since independence, all governments of India have been committed to gradual rather than revolutionary means for spreading democratic and socialist principles (as attested notably by the Preamble to the Constitution of India). Independent India averted the revolutions (and most debates), which shaped the role of the state in the western world for some 500 years.